After the dangerous chaos of the First and Second World War, Albania was led into total isolation between 1960 and 1985. The efforts for reform during the following period were severely disturbed by the conflict over Kosovo that was positioned in the center of the turbulences in the Balkans. As a consequence of the NATO airstrikes against Yugoslav targets in 1999 more than half a million refugees crossed the border to Albania.
But in 2003 the EU came to Tirana’s help and the Stabilization and Association Agreement was signed. In 2009 Albania joined NATO. The recent step towards EU came in June 2014 when the EU Commission recommended Albania as candidate for EU membership.
Paskal Milo is an Albanian historian, politician, and leader of the Social Democracy Party of Albania. He has also been a member of the Albanian Parliament since 1992, and a professor of Albanian and Foreign literature. Milo has held various posts under the Albanian government in the late 1990s and early 2000s, notably that of Foreign Minister and Minister for the European Integration of Albania.