Mrs. Meddzida Kreso
President of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo
Dr. Michael Th. Johnson
Chairman Institute for Justice Sector Development, The Hague
Prof. Wolfgang Schomburg
Chairman Centre for Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, Durham University
During the Bosnian war in the early 1990s ethnic cleansing, genocide and other serious crimes were committed. The UN Security Council established in 1993 the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia (ICTY) to prosecute those responsible. It also has taken on cases from Kosovo. In 1994, in consequence of the Rwanda genocide, the respective Tribunal (ICTR) was established.
These special tribunals have been instrumental in the formation of the permanent International Criminal Court (ICC) in 2003, an intergovernmental organisation based in The Hague. The efforts of the Court for the Rule of Law were put in the limelight end of 2014 when Fatou Bensouda, ICC prosecutor, withdraw charges against Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta for alleged crimes against humanity. The lack of either national or international cooperation made it useless to follow up.
The lessons learnt in this respect from the past two decades gave the severe reason for the main question of our panel.
Introduction: Dr. Horst Mahr, Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Association
Picture: Establishment of the ICTY: On 25 May 1993, the UN Security Council passed resolution 827 formally establishing the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. (flickr.com / ICTY photos)